February 19, 2020, 3:17 am
About beat casinos

The National Indian Gaming Commission

The Bureau of Indian Affairs was responsible for all matters that related to Indians.

In 1988, the Indian Gaming Regulation Act (IGRA) was passed, and the National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC) was established as a part of the Department of the Interior.

Its full-time membership consist of a chairman and two associate members.

The chairman is appointed by the President of the United States of America to serve three years. The associate members are appointed by the Secretary of the Interior.

One of them serves as a three-year term, while the other serves as an initiate term of one year. Two of the members of the Commission must be members of an Indian tribe, and no more than two members can be from the same political party.

The Commission meets at least once every four months, and at least two members, one being the chairman or vice chairman, are required for a quorum. The Commission also employs a general consul who is appointed by the chairman.

The Commission's powers include the ability to charge fees, issue civil fines, distribute permanent orders and require subpoenas for individuals or documents for an investigation over Class III gaming.

Its powers also consist of scrutinizing the conditions of the contracts and the backgrounds of individuals involved in gaming, as well as the determining of management contracts.

Other responsibilities of the Commission include monitoring, inspection of premises, hearings, oaths, regulations, and investigations.

The Chairman also tries to verify that the net revenues from Indian gaming are channeled toward promoting tribal economic activity, donated to charitable organizations, as well as funding tribal government operations and programs.

It is essential that each registered member of the tribe receive a per capita payment if the tribe originally submitted a plan to the Commission.

The NGIC is funded by each establishment that operates a Class II gaming activity. The members of the Commission vote on the fee which is allocated in two scales.

The first scale is a fee of no less than 0.5 percent nor more than 2.5 percent of amounts in excess of the first $1,500,000 of the gross revenue.

The regulations indicate that the maximum amount of fee cannot exceed $1,500,000. Since the IGRA was passed in 1988, more than 150 of the nation's 278 self-regulating Native American reservations now offer some game of chance.

These gaming activities spread throughout the United States from Florida in the south, to Connecticut in the Northeast, and California in the West. These games of chance vary from pari-mutuel wagering to slot machines in casinos.

An important concern of the Chairman is that the Indian tribes have the sole proprietary interest and responsibility for conducting the game activities.